In Civilian or Combatant?: A problem for the twenty first Century, Anicée Van Engeland describes how the perform and evolution of battle have became overseas humanitarian legislations into an enigmatic legislation that's complicated to appreciate, interpret, and implement. Van Engeland identifies the demanding situations that advocates of foreign humanitarian legislation face, which diversity from genocide, asymmetrical struggle, and terrorism to rape as a weapon.
The occasions of September 11 and the aftermath have positioned this department of overseas legislations, specifically, the excellence among civilians and opponents, to the try. Van Engeland describes how a few analysts have either wondered no matter if overseas legislations can adapt to those concerns and challenged overseas humanitarian legislation at the foundation that it can't meet cutting-edge war realities. Van Engeland responds to those critics, reminding readers that foreign humanitarian legislations was once no longer drafted to rule on battle, yet really to guard sufferers of struggle, particularly civilians. for this reason, Van Engeland demonstrates that this department of foreign legislations is in consistent evolution. via a radical and illustrated research, Van Engeland explains how civilians and warring parties are nonetheless distinguishable, in addition to how overseas humanitarian has been stretched to satisfy those demanding situations.